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What is Peyronie’s disease?

Peyronie’s disease is characterized by the formation of fibrous plaques or scars within the penile tissue, leading to painful and often visible curvature of the penis during erection. This condition can make sexual intercourse difficult or even impossible. Although the exact cause of Peyronie’s disease is not fully understood, it is believed to be related to injuries to the penis that lead to internal scarring.


Diagnosing Peyronie’s disease typically involves a physical examination, during which the doctor may feel the presence of plaques inside the penis. Sometimes, additional tests such as an ultrasound of the penis may be required for a more detailed evaluation, providing more information about the location and size of the plaques, as well as the condition of the blood vessels within the penis.


symptoms and the degree of penile curvature. In mild cases, where curvature does not significantly affect sexual function, treatment may not be necessary at all. Patients may be advised to monitor the condition, as symptoms can improve or stabilize over time.
For more active cases, possible treatment options include medication, where certain drugs can be injected directly into the plaques to reduce scarring and curvature, or taken orally, although this approach is often not effective enough. Physical therapy, including the use of penile traction devices or vacuum pumps, can also help in reducing curvature and improving penile function. In severe cases, where significant curvature interferes with sexual function, surgical treatment may be considered, ranging from simple procedures to correct curvature to more complex reconstructive surgeries, including the implantation of a penile prosthesis.